The world’s biggest navies must help stop vessels fishing illegally, and save animals
We know boats fishing illegally often lose or dump nets and other equipment – and it’s killing sea animals. Now it’s time for the world’s navies to become part of the solution
We’re urging the world’s 10 most powerful navies to increase patrols to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. There’s a clear link between IUU fishing vessels and lost or abandoned equipment, known as 'ghost gear'. This gear entangles and kills marine wildlife, such as whales, dolphins, seals and turtles.
That’s why World Animal Protection, has written to the Indian Navy and nine other navies, calling on them to help fight the problem of lost and abandoned fishing equipment. Also known as ‘ghost gear’, it can include fishing nets, lines, and traps.
How is ghost gear harming animals?
Every year, more than 100,000 whales, dolphins, seals and turtles get caught in ghost gear.
It destroys habitats and kills marine animals slowly.
A staggering 640,000 tonnes of ghost gear is left in our oceans each year and it can take up to 600 years to decompose.
How illegal fishing makes the ghost gear problem worse
Boats are more likely to dump fishing gear if their fishing activity is illegal. They often throw away illegal fishing equipment into the ocean to avoid being denied entry to ports.
Both the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Food and Agriculture organisation of the United Nations (FAO) recognise the link between illegal fishing boats and ghost gear. Under the cover of darkness, illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing can take place without detection, but the risks are serious.
Bad for communities too
Illegal and unregulated fishing also affects people all over the world. Communities are harmed as efforts to conserve and manage fish stocks are threatened whilst food security is put at risk. It causes both short and long-term social and economic losses for affected countries.
To help tackle the ghost gear problem, we set up the Global Ghost Gear Initiative (GGGI) which brings together governments, private-sector companies and non-governmental organisations. We want to clear our oceans of ghost gear and stop more going in. And we want to do this in a sustainable way.
Now it’s time for the most powerful navies in the world to play their part in helping to stop illegal fishing boats. We’re urging them to be part of the solution, and help end the awful effects of ghost gear.
The 10 biggest navies are:
United States Navy
People's Liberation Army Navy
Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force
Republic of China Navy
Republic of Korea Navy