Animals in farming

Animal Welfare Board of India recommends National Code of Practices for Dairy Animals in India


The Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI), the statutory body of the Government of India, has issued an advisory to all state governments recommending the National Code of Practices for Management of Dairy Animals in India.

The Chairman of AWBI, Maj Gen (Retd) Dr. R. M. Kharb, has requested all state governments to introduce and implement the Code of Practices, as a benchmark and reference for handling dairy animals in India.

The Code of Practices has been developed by the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) in association with World Animal Protection, to help improve the lives of over 50 million dairy animals across the country.

As demand for milk increases, more and more cows and buffaloes are at risk of suffering painful health problems and shorter lifespans. Millions of dairy animals suffer everyday due to unhealthy food, shelter, over breeding and excess medication.

We believe all animals deserve a life worth living and dairy animals raised humanely are healthier and more productive. The Code of Practices acts as a complete guide to food, water, shelter and medical needs of dairy animals – it helps to ensure humane and sustainable ways of healthy milk production.

The AWBI has specified that all cattle locations in the state must be registered according to the Registration of Cattle Premises Rules, 1978 under Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960. And while registering and during inspections, the “National Code of Practices of Management of Dairy Animals in India” should be used as guidelines to ensure welfare of dairy animals.

In addition, the AWBI has requested the Commissioner of Animal Husbandry Department of India to implement the Code of Practices to encourage and ensure welfare of cattle across the country.

The President of the Veterinary Council has also been asked by the AWBI to introduce the Code of Practices to the veterinary curriculum and to ensure veterinary students are equipped to implement its practices.

Gajender Sharma, World Animal Protection Country Director, said:

“This is a significant step to improving the lives of millions of dairy animals in India. With the implementation of the Code of Practices across the country, we are helping India’s dairy farmers to adopt better practices, to increase milk production and quality, while protecting animals."

"We are calling on dairy farmers and businesses to take action and implement these new practices. We know, healthy dairy animals who are well cared for, live longer and produce more milk – so when farmers who make positive changes to protect their animals are also helping their businesses.”

If you wish to get a copy of the dairy code of practices, write to us at

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